Analytical Capabilities & Methodologies

Test Description

Reporting Unit

Test Method(s)

Proximate and Ultimate Analysis

Proximate Analysis (H2O, Ash, VCM, Fixed Carbon)

%

(ASTM D3172)

Total Moisture

%

(ASTM D3302/D4931 /E871 / CEN/TS 14774-2004) / ISO 579)

Air Dry Moisture

%

(ASTM D3302) 

Residual Moisture

%

(ASTM D3302)

Volatile Matter

%

(ASTM D6374 / ISO 562)

Ash

%

(ASTM D4422/D1102 / CEN/TS 14775:2004 / ISO 1171)

Fixed Carbon

%

(ASTM D3172)

Sulfur/Sulphur

%

(ASTM D4239-B / CEN/TS 15289:2006 / ISO 351)

Calorific Value

Gross, BTU/Lb

(ASTM D5865 / ISO 1928)

Carbon

%

(ASTM D5373 / ISO 12902)

Hydrogen

%

(ASTM D5373 / ISO 12902)

Nitrogen

%

(ASTM D5373 / ISO 12902)

Chlorine

ppm

(ASTM D4208 / CEN/TS 15289:2006)

Fluorine

ppm

(ASTM D3761)

Ash Composition

Aluminum

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Antimony

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Arsenic

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Arsenic

ppm

(CEN/TS 15297:2006)

Barium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Beryllium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Bismuth

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Boron

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Cadmium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Calcium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Cerium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Chromium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Chromium VI

ppm

(EPA 3060A/7199)*

Cobalt

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Copper

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Gadolinium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Gallium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Germanium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Gold

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Iron

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Lead

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Lithium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Magnesium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Manganese

ppm

(ASTM D5600 /D 6349/D 6357)

Mercury

ppm

(ASTM D6722)

Molybdenum

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Nickel

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Nickel (Hach 8150)

ppm

(Hach 8150)

Phosphorus

ppm

(ASTM D 6349)

Potassium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Potassium

ppm

(CEN/TS 15290:2006)

Samarium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Selenium

ppm

(ASTM D4606)

Silicon

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Silver

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Sodium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6349)

Sodium

ppm

(CEN/TS 15290:2006)

Sulfur/Sulphur Trioxide, SO3

% Oxide in ash

(ASTM C471M)

Strontium

ppm

(ASTM D6349)

Tellurium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Thallium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Tin

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Titanium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Tungsten

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Uranium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Vanadium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Yttrium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Zinc

ppm

(ASTM D5600)/(ASTM D 6357)

Zirconium

ppm

(ASTM D5600)

Water Soluble Alkali, Ca

ppm

AJE

Water Soluble Alkali, K

ppm

AJE

Water Soluble Alkali, Mg

ppm

AJE

Water Soluble Alkali, Na

ppm

AJE

Physical Characteristics

Air Reactivity

% / min

(RDC-141)

Apparent Density (10 x 20)

g/cc

(AJE)

Ash Fusion F, (Oxid and Red)

Degree F

(ASTM D1857)

BET Surface Area

m2/gm

Micromeritics

Bulk Density, g/cc or lb/ft3

g/cc or lb/ft3

(AJE 29)

CO2 Reactivity

%

(RDC-142)

DTA/TGA

 AJE

Electrical Resistivity

Ohm-inch

Free Swelling Index

(ASTM D720)

Hardgrove Grindability

Index

(AJE 23-ASTM D409 / ISO 5074)

Ignition Point

deg C

(RDC-141)

Lc (Crystallite Size)

deg A

(ASTM 5187)

Loss on Ignition

%

(ASTM D7348)

Mean Fluidity

D.D.P.M.

(ASTM D2639 / ISO 10329)

Pechiney Apparent Density

g/cc

Porosity, (MIP)

cc/g

(AJE 44)

Real Density

g/cc

(ASTM D2638)

Shot

%

(AJE 24)

Sieve Analysis (Mesh, mm, micron)

%

(ASTM D5709)

Solvent Extractables

%

(ASTM D4930)

Vibrated Bulk Density, (VBD )

g/cc

(ASTM D4292 / ISO 10236)

Quinoline Insoluble(s)

%

(AJE - ISO 6791)

Toluene Insoluble(s)

%

(AJE - ISO 6379)

Transportable Moisture Limit/Flow Moisture Point

%

(AJE - ISO 12742)

Viscosity

CPS

(ASTM D5018)

Coking Value

%

(AJE)

Distillation

%

(ASTM D2569)

Softening Point

Deg C

(AST D3104)

Air Permeability

(AJE)

Thermal Properties of Anodes

Miscellaneous Tests

CO2

%

(ASTM C25)

Free Acid

%

(ASTM D4569)

Insoluble Residue

%

(ASTM C471M)

Oil & Grease

mg/L

(ASTM D3921)

Sea Water Analysis

(AJE)

Silt loading

(AQMD 1158)

Sulfur/Sulphur Acidity

%

(ASTM D 4569)

Total Acid Number

mg KOH/g

(ASTM D664)

 




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